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Research references (numbers found in all media and the Practitioner Healthcare Summary)

No.Reference
1P. Pitchford, Healing with Whole Foods, Revised Edition, North Atlantic Books, 1993.
2Customer letter, Cheshire, 1999.
3Dr P D’Adamo, The Eat Right Diet, Century, London 1998, p273. ISBN 0712677844 and Eat Right for Blood Type O, Penguin Books 2002, p58. Website www.dadamo.com. (We understand that in his first book in the early 1990s D’Adamo emphasised Fucus vesiculosis because he found this species in Ireland, and in later books he referred to the broader Wrack seaweed varieties as being similarly beneficial. Seagreens® Food Capsules and Food Granules contain a unique mix of 3 wild Wrack species: Ascophyllum, Fucus, and Pelvetia.)
4H. Aihara, Acid and Alkaline, Ohsawa Macrobiotic Foundation, 1986. ISBN 091886044X
5M. D. Guiry & G. Blunden, European Seaweed Resources: Uses & Potential, Wiley, 1991. ISBN 0471929476
6Samantha Christie BSc, DipION, Dietary surveys reveal serious micronutrient deficiencies, The Nutrition Practitioner, February 1999.
7Daily Mail, March 2001.
8Leslie Kenton, The New Raw Energy, Vermilion (Random House), London 1994, p181.
9P. Westcott, Thyroid Problems, Thorsons Health, 1995. ISBN 0 7225 3164 8
10J. Carper, The Food Pharmacy, Simon & Schuster, 1989. ISBN 0 671 71502 X
11I. Pera, in United States Patent 4775525, 1988 and D. M. Lynch, Appelbaum and Benjamin (Warner-Lambert) in United States Patent 4855128, 1989, U. S. Patent Office.
12Trace Elements in Human Nutrition & Health, WHO, 1996. ISBN 92 4 156173 4
13MAFF, Manual of Nutrition, HMSO, 1995. p50. ISBN 0 11 242991 2
14Reported in the Daily Mail, March 2001.
15J. L. Rolinson, The Secret Ingredients, Cross Media, 2001.
16J. Teas, M. L. Harbison, and R. S. Gelman, Dietary Seaweed (Laminaria) and Mammary Carcinogenesis, Cancer Research 44:2758-61, 1984.
17I. Yamamoto et al., Antitumour Effect of Seaweeds, Japanese Journal of Experimental Medicine 44:543-46, 1974.
18N. Iritani and S. Nogi, Effects of Spinach and Wakame in Cholesterol Turnover, Atherosclerosis 15:87-92, 1972.
19O. H. McConnell in H. A. Hoppe et al., Marine Algæ in Pharmaceutical Science, DeGruyter, New York 1979.
20Y. Tanaka et al., The Binding of Lead by a Pectic Polyelectrolyte, Environmental Research 14:128-140, 1977.
21S. C. Skoryna, Y. Tanaka et al., Prevention of Gastrointestinal Absorption of Excessive Trace Elements Intake, Trace Substances in Environmental Health VI, Symposium, (D. D. Hemphill, Ed.), University of Missouri, Columbia, 1973.
22Y. Tanaka et al., Studies on Inhibition of Intestinal Absorption of Radioactive Strontium, Canadian Medical Association Journal 99:169-75, 1968.
23S. C. Skoryna et al., Studies on Inhibition of Intestinal Absorption of Radioactive Strontium, Canadian Medical Association Journel 91:285-88, 1964.
24M. Bradford, Cooking with Sea Vegetables, The Natural Cookery School, 1998.
25A. Gustavsson, Lund University, 1996.
26S. Funayama et al., Hypotensive Principle of Laminaria and Allied Seaweeds, Journal of Medicinal Plant Research 41(1):29-33, 1981.
27Y. Yamori et al., Dietary Prevention of Stroke and Its Mechanisms in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypetensive Rats - Preventive Effect of Dietary Fibre and Palmitloleic Acid, Journal Hypertens 4(3):S449-S452, 1986.
28J. Levenson, Menace in the Mouth?, What Doctors Don’t Tell You Ltd, London, 2000 (paperback available from Oceans of Goodness tel 0845-0640040).
29D. Riou, S. Colliec-Jouault, D. Pinczon du Sel, S. Bosch, S. Siavoshian, V. Le Bert, C. Tomasoni, C. Sinquin, P. Durand, C. Roussakis, Antitumour and Antiproliferative Effects of a Fucan Extracted from Ascophyllum Nodosum Against a Non-small-cell Bronchopulmonary Carcinoma Line, PMID:8702239, UI:96273150, European Journal Hæmatology, Jan; 54(1):27-33, 1995
3018th Annual Conference of the Carbohydrate Symposium (19-21/08); 69th Annual Proceedings of the Japanese Biochemical Society (26-30/08); 55th Annual Proceedings of the Japanese Cancer Society (10.12/10)1996.
31J. Teas, The Dietary Intake of Laminaria a Brown Seaweed and Breast Cancer Prevention, PMID:6302638, UI:83194310.
32J. Teas, M. L. Harbison, R. S. Gelman, Dietary Seaweed (Laminaria) and Mammary Carcinogenesis in Rats, PMID:6426785, UI:84205434, Cellular Biology and Toxicoly, Feb; 13(2):95-102, 1997.
33S. Soeda, S. Ishida, H. Shimeno, A. Nagamatsu, Inhibitory Effect of Oversulfated Fucoidan on Invasion Through Reconstituted Basement Membrane by Murine Lewis Lung Carcinoma, PMID:7829400, UI:95130424, Cancer Letters, September 30; 85(1):133-138, 1994.
34W. Roszkowski, J. Beuth, H. L. Ko, G. Uhlenbruck, G. Pulverer, Blocking of Lectin-like Adhesion Molecules on Pulmonary Cells Inhibits Lung Sarcoma L-1 Colonization in BALB/c-mice, PMID:2737266, UI:89289934, Human Pathology, April; 20(4):352-360, 1989.
35K. Kayser, H. J. Gabius, T. Ciesiolka, W. Ebert, S. Bach, Histopathologic Evaluation of Application of Labelled Neoglycoproteins in Primary Bronchus Carcinoma, PMID: 2467870, UI:89197199, Cancer Research, June 15; 48(12):3367-3373, 1988.
36E. Furusawa, S. Furusawa, Anticancer Potential of a Dietary Seaweed Extract (Crude Polysaccharide) on Lewis Lung Carcinoma in Comparison with Chemical Immunomodulators and on Cyclosporine-accelerated AKR Leukemia, PMID:2476696, UI:89385425, Cancer Letters, February; 30(2):125-131, 1986.
37T. A. Read, V. Stensvaag, H. Vindenes, E. Ulvestad, R. Bjerkvig, F. Thorsen, Cells Encapsulated in Alginate: a Potential System for Delivery of Recombinant Proteins to Malignant Brain Tumours, PMID:10571425, UI:20036203, Oncology, 46(5):343-348, 1989.
38G. Csanaky, J. A. Vass, I. Ocsovszki, J. Milosevits, A. Szomor, M. Schmelczer, Changes in Adhesion Molecule Expression and Function in B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukæmia After In Vitro Interferon-alpha Stimulation, PMID:7532138, UI:95163724, Japanese Journal of Cancer Research, November; 85(11):1144-1150, 1994.
39B. S. Reddy, S. Numoto, C. I. Choi, Effect of Dietary Laminaria Angustata (brown seaweed) on Azoxymethane-induced Intestinal Carcinogenesis in male F344 rats, PMID:4070010, UI:86067333, Mutation Research, July; 127(2):113-118, 1984.
40H. Harada, T. Noro, Y. Kamei, Selective Antitumour Activity In Vitro From Marine Algæ from Japan Coasts, Anticancer Research, May-June; 16(3A):1213-1218, 1996.
41I. Yamamoto, H. Maruyama, M. Takahashi, K. Komiyama, The Effect of Dietary or Intraperitoneally Injected Seawed Preparations on the Growth of Sarcoma-180 Cells Subcutaneously Implanted Into Mice, PMID:3955535, UI:86161437, Radiats Biol Radioecol, March-April; 34(2):236-239, 1999.
42S. Soeda, S. Ishida, O. Honda, H. Shimeno, A. Nagamatsu, Aminated Fucoidan Promotes the Invasion of 3LL Cells Through Reconstituted Basement Membrane: Its Possible Machanism of Action, PMID:7923097, UI:95007484, Anticancer Research, November-December; 13(6A):2045-2052, 1993.
43M. K. Steuer, H. J. Gabius, A. Bardosi, R. Matthias, Histochemical Identification of Endogenous Lectins Using Labelled Neoglycoproteins in Human Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Experientia, June 15; 45(6):584-588, 1989.
44I. Yammamoto, M. Takahashi, T. Suzuki, H. Seino, H. Mori, Antitumour Effect of Seaweeds, IV: Enhancement of Antitumour Activity by Sulfation of a Crude Fucoidan Fraction from Sargassum Kjellmanianum, PMID:6513098, UI:85083654, Microbiological Immunology, 28(3):371-377, 1984.
45I. Sugawara, K. C. Lee, Fucoidan Blocks Macrophage Activation in an Inductive Phase but Promotes Macrophage Activation in an Effector Phase, PMID:6429485, UI:84245215, Biochemistry, March 7; 39(9):2140-2148, 2000.
46G. Brunner, K. Reimbold, A. Meissauer, V. Schirrmacher, L. J. Erkell, Sulfated Glycosaminoglycans Enhance Tumour Cell Invasion In Vitro by Stimulating Plasminogen Activation, PMID:9521847, UI:98189141, Anticancer Research, May-June; 16(A):1213-1218, 1996.
47H. Ito, H. Noda, H. Amano, C. Zhuang, T. Mizuno, Antitumour Activity and Immunological Properties of Marine Algal Polysaccharides, Especially Fucoidan, Prepared from Sargassum Thunbergii of Phæophyceæ, PMID:8297113, UI:94127818, Laryngorhinootologie, May; 70(5):243-249, 1991.
48D. D. Roberts, U. M. Wewer, L. A. Liotta, V. Ginsburg, Laminin-dependent and Laminin-independent Adhesion of Human Melanoma Cells to Sulfatides, PMID:2967105, UI:88223173, Japanese Journal of Experimental Medicine, June; 58(3):145-151, 1988.
49K. Mizumoto, I. Sugawara, W. Ito, T. Kodama, M. Hayami, S. Mori, Sulfated Homopolysaccharides with Immunomodulating Activities are More Potent Anti-HTLV-III Agents than Sulfated Heteropolysaccharides, Cancer Immunological Immunotherapy; 24(1):1-7, 1987.
50S. Hashimoto, K. Nomoto, M. Nagaoka, T. Yokokura, In Vitro and In Vivo Release of Cytostatic Factors from Lactobacillus Casei-elicited Peritoneal Macrophages After Stimulation with Tumour Cells and Immunostimulants, PMID:3102062, UI:87130857, Japanese Journal of Experimental Medicine, August; 54(4):143-151, 1984.
51H. Harada, T. Noro, Y. Kamei, Selective Antitumour Activity In Vitro from Marine Algæ from Japan Coasts, Anticancer Research, May-June; 16(3A):1213-1218, 1996.
52Y. Okai, K. Higashi-Okai, S. Nakamura, Identification of Heterogenous Antimutagenic Activities in the Extract of Edible Brown Seaweeds, Laminaria Japonica (Makonbu) and Undaria Pinnatifida (Wakame) by the Ume Gene Expression System in Salmonella Typhimurium (TA1535/pSK1002), PMID:7692279, UI:94019480, Kitasato Arch Exp Med, September; 60(3):105-121, 1987.
53Lightowler and Davies, Iodine intake and iodine deficiency in vegans as assessed by the duplicate-portion technique and urinary iodine excretion, British Journal of Nutrition, 80:529-535, 1998.
54Remer, Neubert and Manz, Increased risk of iodine deficiency with vegetarian nutrition, British Journal of Nutrition, 81:45-49, 1999.
55Davidsson, Are vegetarians an ‘at risk group’ for iodine deficiency?, British Journal of Nutrition, 81:3-4; 1999.
56Phillips, The elimination of iodine deficiency in the UK: a story of iodization by default, IDD (Iodine Deficiency Disorders) Newsletter, February, 1998.
57Meng and Schindler, Iodine supply in Germany, IDD Newsletter, May, 1998.
58 USA examines its iodine nutrition, IDD Newsletter, November, 1998.
59Valeix, Zarebska, Preziosi, Galan, Pelletier and Hercberg, Iodine deficiency in France, The Lancet, Vol. 353, May 22, 1999.
60Sakhalin Hospital Cardiovascular Centre, Sakhalin Island, Russia, early 1990s.
61T. Nishino, A. Fukuda, T. Nagumo, M. Fujihara, E. Kaji, Inhibition of the Generation of Thrombin and Factor Xa by a Fucoidan from the Brown Seaweed Ecklonia Kurome, PMID:10554083, UI:20019511, Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, October; 34(4):597-603, 1999.
62P. Chauvet, J. G. Bienvenu, J. F. Theoret, J. G. Latour, Y. Merhi, Inhibition of Platelet-neutrophil Interactions by Fuciodan Reduces Adhesion and Vasoconstriction After Acute Arterial Injury by Angioplasty in Pigs, PMID:10511137, UI:99439155, Laboratory of Experimental Pathology, Montreal Heart Institute and University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
63K. Katsuraya, N. Ikushima, N. Takahashi, T. Shoji, H. Nakashima, N. Yamamoto, T. Yoshida, T. Uryu, Synthesis of Sulfated Alkyl Malto- and Laminara-Oligosaccharides With Potent Inhibitory Effects on AIDS Virus Infection, PMID:8062289, UI:94340624, Biophysiological Research Community, November 16; 188(3):1169-1175, 1992.
64Comparative analysis of nutritional profiles are available on request. Health Which, October 1997, 166-7 reported that some fresh water algæ supplements, notably blue-green algæ from Lake Klamath in Oregon, USA, contain small amounts of harmful toxins which can damage the liver and nervous system.
65H. Q. Miao, R. Ishai-Michaeli, T. Peretz, I. Vlodavsky, Laminarin Sulfate Mimics the Effects of Heparin on Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation and Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor-Receptor Binding and Mitogenic Activity, PMID:7650058, UI:95378308, Khim, March; 24(3):211-218, 1998
66S. Alban, J. Kraus, G. Franz, Synthesis of Laminarin Sulfates with Anticoagulant Activity, Department of Pharmacy, University of Regensburg, Fed. Rep. of Germany.
67T. Nishino, G. Yokoyama, K. Dobashi, M. Fujihara, T. Nagumo, Isolation, Purification, and Characterisation of Fucose-containing Sulfated Polysaccharides from the Brown Seaweed Ecklonia Kurome and their Blood-anticoagulant Activities, PMID:2720702, UI:8929063, Developmental Components of Immunology, Winter; 13(1):19-16, 1989.
68R. Paul, J. M. Herbert, J. P. Maffrand, J. Lansen, G. Modat, J. M. Percillo, J. L. Gordon, Inhibition of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation in Culture by Pentosan Polysulphate and Related Compounds, PMID:2442829, UI:87320267.
69D. Logeart, S. Prigent-Richard, C. Boisson-Vidal, F. Chaubet, P. Durand, J. Jozefonvicz, D. Letourneur, Fucans, Sulfated Polysaccharides Extracted from Brown Seaweeds, Inhibit Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation. II. Degradation and Molecular Weight Effect, PMID:9438135, UI:98101010, University of Paris.
70Logeart et al., European Journal of Cell Biology, 74, 1997.
71M. Murata, K. Ishihara, H. Saito, Hepatic Fatty Acid Oxidation Enzyme Activities are Stimulated in Rats Fed the Brown Seaweed Undaria Pinnatifida (Wakame), PMID:9915891, UI:99115844, Laboratory of Lipid Chemistry, Marine Biochemistry Division, National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Japan.
72M. Takuya, D. P. Nelson, L. Marc, L. Schermerhorn, T. Shin’oak, G. Zund, P. R. Hickey, E. J. Neufeld, J. E. Meyer Jr., Blockade of Selectin-Mediated Leukocyte Adhesion Improves Postischemic Function in Lamb Hearts, Cell Research, March 15; 239(2), 301-310, 1998.
73S. L. Fitzpatrick, G. Kassam, A. Manro, C. E. Braat, P. Louie, D. M. Waisman, Fucoidan-dependent Confirmational Changes in Annexin II Tetramer, PMID: 10694379, Annual New York Academy of Sciences, 886:243-248, 1999.
74H. C. A. Vogel, The Nature Doctor, (Manual of Traditional and Complementary Medicine), Mainstream Publishing Company, Edinburgh, 50th Edition, 1989.
75Report of the Institute of Food Science & Technology (UK), London, September 1999.
76Dr Thomas Stuttaford, Is Kelp a Magical Cure for Cellulite? The Times, November 12, 1998.
77David Kinsman, Member, Royal Horticultural Society’s Education Committee, Earth Matters, Science series, Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society, Volume 127, Part 1, January 2002.
78L. Gordin, M.D., Benefits of Modifilan, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2001.
79Congresswoman Diane Watson: statement to the US Congress introducing a Bill to pass the Mercury in Dental Filling Disclosure and Prohibition Act, November 5, 2001, supported by the American Academy of Biological Dentistry.
80J. Tommy, Heavy Metals and Metallothionein, The Autism File, 9/2002, pp6-8 (PO Box 144, Hampton TW12 2FF. Tel 020-8979 2525, info@autismfile.com, www.autismfile.com).
81S. B Ranger, Nurturing the Foundation of Health, Journal of the Institute for Complementary Medicine, March 2004 (online at: www.icmedicine.co.uk/journal/2004/mar/002.htm). See also S. B. Ranger, Seagreens® and Autistic Spectrum Disorders, The Autism File, pp29-32, Issue 10, July 2002.
82G. R. Dixon, Senior Research Fellow, Department of Bioscience, University of Strathclyde, Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society, Vol. 127, Part 6, p480-1, June 2002
83Dr Chris Skibola, assistant research toxicologist at the School of Public Health, University of California, quoted in Kindred Spirit magazine, July 2007, pp 6, 7.
84University of Liverpool, 2002: a 6-year study analysed the diets of 512 healthy people and 512 with bowel cancer, showing that a high-fibre diet had virtually no effect, but eating plenty of greens improved their condition; the saccharide galactose (in broccoli, for example) was shown to prevent the cancer-causing proteins, lectins, attaching to the lining of the colon; a daily portion of broccoli was shown to decrease the risk of cancer by 46%.
85Dr N. Campbell-McBride, Detoxification for Children with Autism, The Autism File, pp12-17, Issue 10, July 2002.
86GreenHealthWatch.com, website postings 08.08.2002. More information: www.autismfraud.com
87GreenHealthWatch.com, website postings 08.08.2002. The research study may be viewed at http://www.cureautismnow.org/sciwatch/invest.cfm. More information: Sallie Bernard, Safe Minds, 14 Commerce Drive, PH Cranford, NJ 07016, USA or email her: sbernard@nac.net.
88C. Mascarenhas, naturopath, Cambridge, correspondence, 8.02.
89S. Bernard, A. Enayati, T. Binstock, H. Roger, L. Redwood, W. McGinnis, Autism: A Unique Type of Mercury Poisoning, Autism Research Institute, ARC Research, 14 Commerce Drive, Cranford, NJ 07016, V. April 21, 2000 andhttp://www.autism.com/ari/mercurylong.html.
90D. Barker, Professor of Clinical Epidemiology, Southampton University, Health & Science / The Week, April 19, 2003.
91F. Watanabe, S. Takenaka, H. Kittaka-Katsura, S. Ebara, E. Miyamoto, Characterisation and Bioavailability of Vitamin B12 compounds from edible algæ, Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology, 48(5): 325-331, October 2002.
92J-S. Park, A. Kim, E-H. Kim, H-S. Suh, W. C. Choi, Increased Anticancer Activity by the Sulfatged Fucoidan from Korean Brown Seaweeds, Department of Chemistry Pusan National University, Pusan 609-735, Korea Department of Biology, Pusan University, Pusan 609-735, Korea January 31, 2002.
93Japanese study reported in the British Journal of Cancer (The Week, Health & Science section, Issue 443, 17.01.04 www.theweek.co.uk).
94A-B Wirëhn et al., Karolinska University Hospital and Linköping University, reported in the British Medical Journal, Vol. 330, May 7, 2005.
95Independent case study - patient of Dr G. Rhidian BDS(Lond) LFHom(Dent) at the Holistic Dental Centre, Farnham, Surrey - The Times, Body & Soul p.25, October 29, 2005 (www.timesonline.co.uk/bodyandsoul)
96The Guardian, February 2006, quoted in The Week, 11th February 2006. Tim Lobstein is a director of the European Food Commission.
97D. E. Thomas, The Mineral Depletion of Foods (1940-2002), Nutrition and Health, 17, 85-115, 2003 and research compilation for ‘Overfed and Undernourished’, London Conference on Obesity, April 2005.
98P. Bergner, The Healing Power of Minerals, 1997.
99M. Crawford, Institute of Brain Chemistry and Human Nutrition, London Metropolitan University
100Professor Graham McGregor, University of London, reported in The Times, February 2006 - source The Week, 11th February 2006
101M. Watts in ‘Overfed and Undernourished’, London Conference on Obesity, April 2005 (www.thehealthbank.co.uk)
102Derrick Z. Jackson in The Boston Globe, quoted in The Week, 23rd January 2006
103‘Junk Moods’ in You Are What You Eat magazine, April 2006
104Changing Diets, Changing Minds: how food affects mental health and behaviour, a joint report of Sustain: the alliance for better food and farming, January 16, 2006, in partnership with the Mental Health Foundation, and Feeding Minds: The Impact of Food on Mental Health, a report of the Mental Health Foundation (MHF), February 2006
105L. Chaitow, Thorsons Guide to Amino Acids, 2002
106T. Maxted-Frost, The Organic Baby Book (How to plan and raise a healthy child), Green Books, 1999.
107 J. Young, M.Psychol, MBAcD, Dip. Epidemiol, ND in The Sunday Mirror (Celebs Problem Page), October 2006.
108J. Tommey, ‘Pure, simple, effective and essential’, The Autism File, Issue 21, Winter 2006.
109H. A. Hopps et al. Marine Algae in Pharmaceutical Science, DeGruyter, New York 1979 xi(309):111.
110A Chemical Cosh, The Ecologist, pp38-39, November 2006.
111J. Lorimer, MA(Hons), DC, MMCA, "Fast Food, Obesity and Ill Health", Positive Health, pp26-27, Issue 129, November 2006
112J. Pearson et al., University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, November 2006
113R. Gray, The Colon Health Handbook, 12th Revised Edition, Emerald Publishing, 1991 (ISBN 0-9615757-2-7)
114Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 3rd edition, pp. 27-28. J. Jellin, P. Gregory, F. Batz, K. Hitchin, S. Burson, K. Shaver, K, Palacioz. Therapeutic Research Faculty, Stockton, California, 2000 (www.naturaldatabase.com)
115The Ecologist magazine, A Chemical Cosh, November 2006, pp38-39
116J. Wolff, I. L. Chaikoff, Plasma inorganic iodide as a homeostatic regulator of thyroid function, Journal of Biological Chemistry, 174:555-564, 1948 ( The fictitious phenomenon described in their paper became known as the Wolff-Chaikoff effect (117))
117J. Wolff, Iodide goiter and the pharmacologic effects of excess iodide, American Journal of Medicine, 1969, 47:101-124
118G. E. Abraham, The safe and effective implementation of orthoiodosupplementation in medical practice, The Original Internist, 2004, 11(1):17-36
119G. E. Abraham, J. D. Flechas, J. C. Hakala, Orthoiodosupplementation: Iodine sufficiency of the whole human body, The Original Internist, 2002, 9(4):30-41.
120G. E. Abrahams, The concept of orthoiodosupplementation nd its clinical implications, The Original Internist, 2004, 11(2):29-38.
121Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy & Nutrients for the United Kingdom, Department of Health, Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (HMSO). 1991. Manual of Nutrition, UK Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food, HMSO, 1995. Trace Elements in Human Nutrition and Health, World Health Organization, 1996.
122G. E. Abraham, The Historical Background of the Iodine Project, The Original Internist, Summer 2005, pp57-66.
123G. E. Abraham, Iodine supplementation markedly increases urinary excretion of flouride and bromide, Townsend Letter, 203, 238:108-109.
124F. Vermiglio et al, Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder offspring of mothers exposed to mid-moderate iodine deficiency: A possible novel iodine deficiency disorder in developed countries, J. Clin. Endo. Metab., 2004, 89:6054-6060.
125O. Soldin et al., Newborn thyroxin levels and childhood ADHD, Clinical Biochemistry, 2002, 35:131-136.
126G. E. Abraham, J. D Flechas, J. C. Hakala, Optimum levels of iodine for greatest mental and physical health, The Original Internist, 2002, 90: 5-20.
127D. Brownstein, Iodine: Why You Need it, Why You Can’t Live Without It, 3rd edition, Medical Alternatives Press, West Broomfield, Michigan, 2008 (ww.drbrownstein.com)
128P. P. Zandi et. al., Reduced risk of Alzheimer’s Disease in users of antioxidant vitamin supplements, Arch. Neur., 2004, 61:82-88
129Journal of the National Cancer Institute, May 16, 2007.
130V. G. Cooksley, Seaweed, Stewart, Tabori & Chang, New York 2007, pp42-43.
131M. Y. Arica et al., Alginates bind heavy metals, Journal of Hazardous Material, 2004.
132Reported in Kindred Spirit magazine, July 2007, p. 7
133Blog Right 4 Your Type, website of Doctor Peter D’Adamo (archives reference May 2004) at www.dadamo.com/bloggers/ask/archives/00000122.htm (16.11.07)
134A. Rowe, A. R. Berendt, K. Marsh, C. I. Newbold, Plasmodium falciparum: a family of suphated glycoconjugates disrupts erythrocyte rosettes, Exp. Parasitology, 1994, 79:506-516.
135C. Granert, J. Raud, X. Xie, et al., Inhibition of leukocyte rolling with polysaccharide fucoidin prevents pleocytosis in experimental meningitis in the rabbit, J. Clinical Invest, 1994, 93:929-936.
136M. Stromqvist, P. Falk, S. Bergström, et al., Human milk kappa-casein and inhibition of Helicobacter pylori adhesion to human gastrix mucosa, J. Paediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr., 1995, 21:288-296.
137M. T. Criado, C. M. Ferreiros, Toxicity of an algal mucopolysaccharide for Escherichia coli and Neisseria meningitidis strains, Rev. Esp. Fisiol., 1984, 40:227-230.
138M. T. Criado, C. M. Ferreiros, Selective interaction of a Fucus vesiculosus lectin-like mucopolysaccharide with several Candida species, Ann. Microbiol. (Paris), 1983, 134A:194-154.
139T. S. Zapopozhets, N. N. Besednova, I. N. Loenka, Antibacterial and immunomodulating activity of fucoidan, Antibiot. Khimioter, 1995, 40:9-13 (Russian language).
140H. Itoh, H. Noda, H. Amano, et al., Antitumour activity and immunological properties of marine algal polysaccharides, especially fucoidan, prepared from Sargassum thunbergii of Phaeophyceae, Anticancer Research, 1993, 13:2045-2052.
141M. M. Teixeira, P. G. Hellewell, The effect of the selectin binding polysaccharide fucoidin on eosinophil recruitment in vivo, British Journal of Pharmacology, 1997, 120:1059-1066.
142M. Baba, R. Snoeck, R. Pauweis, E. de Clercq, Sulfated polysaccharides are potent and selective inhibitors of various enveloped viruses, including herpes simplex virus, cytomegalovirus, vesicular stomatitis virus, and human immunodeficiency virus, Antimicrobial Agents Chemotherapy, 1988, 32:1742-1745.
143S. Soeda, S. Ishida, H. Shimeno, A. Nagamatsu, Inhibitory effect of oversulfated fucoidan on invasion through reconstituted basement membrane by murine Lewis lung carcinoma, Japanese Journal of Cancer Research, 1994, 85:1144-1150.
144M. Ia. Rozkin, M. N. Levina, V. S. Efimov, A. I. Usov, Comparative study of the anticoagulant activity of sulfated polysaccharides from marine brown algae, Farmakol. Toksikol., 1988, 51:63-68 (Russian language).
145J. Durig, T. Bruhn, K. H. Zurborn, et. al., Anticoagulant fucoidan fractions from Fucus vesiculosus induce platelet activation in vitro, Thrombosis Research, 1997, 85:479-491.
146RSSL Science with Service, Should salt no longer be regarded as safe?, Food e-News, November 2007, Edition 363:07-14
147British Society for Nutritional Medicine, London 1984
148P. Nestel, R. Nalubola, (USAID Micronutrient Global Leadership Project), Food Based Approaches to Improving Micronutrient Status in Developing Countries, The International Review of Food Science and Technology, International Union of Food Science and Technology (IUFoST), November 2003
149C. Bertini, Tackling the Double Burden of Malnutrition: A Global Agenda, 33rd Session of the UN Standing Committee of Nutrition, Geneva, 2006
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